ADHD: Top 19 Most Frequently Asked Questions

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Last Update Date: 24 August 2020

Whether you have ADHD diagnosed or ADHD in your family, living with ADHD can be quite challenging. Even if you get expert help, it is quite normal to have many questions in mind.

Most Frequently asked questions ADHD

Let's take a look at the most frequently asked questions of people living with ADHD, their partners or their parents:

1- What does ADHD stand for?

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It also happens to be called ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). This disorder, previously only referred to as ADD, started to be named ADHD with the inclusion of hyperactivity among the symptoms. ADHD is a type of behavioral disorder that children, teens or adults can have. You can get further information about ADHD from our Blog Page.

2- What causes ADHD?

ADHD has no single cause, and the exact causes are not yet known. Studies have found that ADHD symptoms are related to biological features in the brain. It is thought that the cause of these disorders in brain development and function is the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. You can get more information about the causes of ADHD here.

3- How to know if you have ADHD?

You cannot be absolutely certain that you have ADHD without a specialist doctor’s diagnosis. But there are still some symptoms that may make you think about the possibility of having ADHD. Be sure to take our ADHD Test to see if you have the associated symptoms.

4- How to get diagnosed with ADHD?

ADHD can be observed differently in each person. For this reason, there are various criteria in the diagnostic process. Strong ADHD symptoms such as hyperactivity, impulsivity or carelessness and a combination of these symptoms must be observed to diagnose ADHD to you or your child. The mental health professional who evaluates the problem will also look at the following factors:

  • How severe are the symptoms?
  • When did the symptoms start?
  • How long have the symptoms bothered you or your child?
  • When and where symptoms occur?

You can get further information about the diagnosis of ADHD from our blog post.

5- What is the difference between ADD and ADHD?

The difference between ADHD and ADD is the hyperactivity symptom. ADD is an old term used to describe ADHD. As the diagnosis of symptoms expanded and became more specific, ADD was insufficient to describe this condition. If you want to learn more about the differences of ADD and ADHD, you can check our blog post “ADHD vs ADD: What's the Difference? Symptoms, Tests, Treatments”

6- Why can amphetamines be used to treat ADHD in children?

Because amphetamines are effective in improving the main symptoms of ADHD in the short term. Besides its positive impact towards curing main symptoms of ADHD, they cause negative side effects such as sleep problems, decreased appetite and stomach pain in the long term.

7- How does a person with ADHD think?

People with ADHD experience the world quite differently from others and have different thoughts on many topics. Because they know they are different, they think that the people around them are constantly trying to correct and change them. This further increases the stress level caused by the disorder. And within this loop of thought, the problem of focusing increases further.

8- How to treat ADHD?

There are many different options for ADHD treatment. Which of them can work best depends on the child and the family. In order to find the best options, parents are advised to work closely with other people involved in their children's lives, such as teachers, therapists, and coaches.

The types of treatment for ADHD include behavioral therapy and medications, but also include education.

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9- How many people have ADHD?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 6.1 million children in the U.S. between 2 to 17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with ADHD, based on data from the National Survey of Children’s Health.

10- How common is ADHD?

ADHD is seen in 11 percent of children in the U.S., and the number of diagnoses among adults continues to grow.

11- How to deal with ADHD?

In order to cope with ADHD, you should consider the behavioral therapy option, where you can learn more about how you should behave more properly. Since people with ADHD are socially different from others, it is very useful to increase their awareness to enable them to control their behavior. Read “10 Tips for People Living with ADHD - How to manage it” to learn how to deal with ADHD!

12- What are the symptoms of ADHD?

ADHD symptoms and the combination of these symptoms can vary from person to person. Below is a list of common ADHD symptoms:

  • Impulsiveness
  • Disorganization and problem-prioritizing
  • Poor time-management skills
  • Problems focusing on a task
  • Trouble multitasking
  • Excessive activity or restlessness
  • Poor planning
  • Low frustration tolerance
  • Frequent mood swings
  • Problems following through and completing tasks
  • Hot temper
  • Trouble coping with stress

13- How to discipline a child with ADHD?

It is difficult to discipline children with ADHD because they may find it difficult to sit still, focus on any task or finish it, and control their reactions and behavior. But if you can read your child and the individual processes your child is experiencing correctly, you can respond to their needs and apply the necessary discipline. Be sure to follow these steps:

  • Giving effective instructions
  • Using time-outs when needed
  • Providing positive attention
  • Praising good work and behavior
  • Working with school teacher

14- How does ADHD affect the brain?

ADHD causes problems with chemical messengers connecting the two areas of the brain - the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Two neurotransmitters, called dopamine and noradrenaline, handle this communication between the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia areas. It is believed that in people with ADHD there is a change in the regulation of the level of these neurotransmitters, leading to a decrease in their level and hence abnormal functioning.

Symptoms of ADHD

15- How to get focused with ADHD?

If you have ADHD and want to work with focus, be sure to try the following:

  • Plan the day in small blocks and take a break
  • Divide the job into parts to fit the working time in this daily plan
  • Avoid multitasking
  • Keep time while working
  • Use visual reminders
  • Create a quiet environment to work
  • Communicate with positive colleagues

16- How to talk to someone with ADHD?

When talking and building relationships with someone who has ADHD, you must first acknowledge that they are different. Understanding their needs and talking to them is the most important problem solver. Here are a few tips to consider when talking to someone with ADHD:

  • Make them feel loved and accepted as they are
  • Let them make mistakes, avoid excessive reactions
  • Remember that most of the time they are actually very shy
  • Don't interrupt their speech
  • Don't try to fix them

17- How to help a child with ADHD in school?

In order to help a child with ADHD at school, parents must be in contact with the trainers. School and home should be two harmonious living spaces coordinated for these special children. So children feel safe because they know that they are being well cared and loved. This causes a decrease in stress levels and an increase in focus and learning.

18- How to help a child with ADHD without medication?

There are many methods to reduce ADHD symptoms without medication. Some of them can be listed as follows:

  • Stress management techniques
  • Exercise
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Meditation
  • Healthy sleep
  • Family & marital therapy

19- How does ADHD medication work?

The best method of drug therapy in ADHD is to combine it with other treatment methods in order to create a holistic treatment process. Drug therapy should be kept under control by a specialist. This is because each person reacts differently to drugs. Drug treatment should be administered by a doctor as a result of individual tests and the diagnosis process.

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