HOME PAGE / BLOG / What is Dyslexia and Its Symptoms, How to Treat?
Last Update Date: 19 December 2017

Dyslexia: Specific learning difficulties that causes problems in reading, writing and language skills, even though the person has a normal or superior intelligence level.

In fact dyslexia is usually observed in the form of reading impairment, it also affects attention and memory. In this article, we are going to talk about what is dyslexia which is one of the specific learning difficulties, what are the symptoms, treatment methods and expert advice.



At the beginning, we described “what is dyslexia” in general manner. Now let’s talk about the behavior of dyslexic children and the difficulties they are experiencing. Dyslexic children may get behind their friends in terms of learning because they have difficulties in reading and writing. At the same time, comprehension impairment, confliction between skills and extreme lack of attention are symptoms of dyslexia and learning difficulty statements.

Into how dyslexic children should be supported:


Dyslexic children may lose their self-confidence if they fail in school courses. Together with this, other psychological problems may arise. Unfortunately there is also a possibility that they become a figure of fun because they cannot learn to read. On the other hand, it is more likely for them to be affected by negatively and given into pessimism because those children with dyslexia are very thoughtful and sensitive.

Parents and educators may accuse the child who has reading impairment if they are not conscious of dyslexia. Expressions like "You can do if you want, you are bad boy/girl, you do not care, you are not good person" can cause permanent damage on the child. That’s why everyone who is responsible for the child with dyslexia must be aware of some topics like what is dyslexia, how to resolve reading difficulty, how to support the child with dyslexia, what should be done for dyslexia, and so on.


Be patient: If your child or your student is having reading difficulty, you should be patient and giving your close attention. Ask them to read the texts out loud. During reading aloud, both you and the child can see mistakes which are made and you can correct them. Reading out loud is a good exercise for dyslexia.


Motive them: It is necessary to constantly congratulate children who are suffering from learning disabilities in order to prevent to cause damage on their self confidence. Compliment them on their every success and express your proud about these. This kind of behavior of yours makes the child want to succeed.


Support with games: Make them to develop themselves with their favorite materials. Dyslexic children are closely interested in games. Properly chosen games are like dyslexia exercises. For example, you can use the MentalUP Intelligence Games certified by the Mental Health Association as a pedagogical product. We share 3 demo games below for you to try them quickly.

dyslexia exercise

Placing letters correctly

Fields developed: Vocabulary, Vocabulary Fluency, and Planning

exercise for dyslexia

Visual attention and finding name games

Fields developed: Visual Recognition and Visual Attention

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Interconnection between concepts

Fields developed: Conceptualization, Divided Attention

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MentalUP Brain Exercises is an application that includes intelligence games developed by academicians who are specialized in their fields and specialist doctors.

Among the exercises MentalUP includes like especially attention games, memory games, verbal intelligence and word games are powerful exercises for eliminating deficits of children with dyslexia. Because of the game format of these exercises, they attract attention of the child and do not seem to be an extra responsibility.

MentalUP also includes logical intelligence games that require using the left site of the brain at the same time.

MentalUP Intelligence Games Developing Learning Skills: Try It Now


Do not compare with others: This is not just for dyslexic children but it is also for all children. Do not compare your child with others and remember that children with learning disabilities may be much more sensitive on this subject.


Collaborate with the school administration and the teacher: It is not enough that just you are careful. Also talk to the school personnel and share your knowledge with them about how the dyslexic child should be treated.


Focus on Special Abilities: Children with reading impairment or in general term learning disabilities have special interests that they are usually very good at. Discover them and push the children on these. Your child's success will motivate him/her and increase self-confidence.


Motivation, pursuit, and appreciation: Give your child various tasks. Tell them that you trust them and follow these little tasks. Congratulate them for completing their work so that motivate them. Just follow the steps as on scientific intelligence game application MentalUP we mentioned above. MentalUP gives your child 6-10 games (tasks) per day. Your child develops cognitive skills while performing this fun task. When the tasks are over, they see their scores on the PERFORMANCE REPORTS page. MentalUP congratulates them for their increasing score, the level they passed, and the tasks they completed. The whole process is planned to provide the children a strong motivation for their development.


Remove distracting items: Children with reading impairment and learning disabilities can also have quite short attention time. Be careful about that distracting materials should not be found on child's studying table. Keep their room tidy and organized all the time.


Make learning fun: We have just talked about games, but try to do other things like it is a game such as homework, lessons, and reading books as much as possible. For example, while your child is studying, you can also scratch something. You can say, "Let's do our homework together" and you can perform activities such as reading in order.


Show that your love does not depend on success: Remember that children with learning difficulties may be introverted for some reasons we mentioned above. Love is a great power, so show them your love in any situation. Do not worry about their failures and make them feel that your love for them is not related to any successful work they have done.


CHILDREN MENTAL HEALTH departments take care of dyslexia treatment. How to correct reading impairment? Dyslexia has no definite treatment yet. There are several treatment processes for other disorders that can be seen with dyslexia.

Example: Attention deficit and hyperactivity impairment can be seen with dyslexia. In this case, various medications and treatments without medication are available for attention deficit. You can read our article named ATTENTION DEFICIT TREATMENT WITH AND WITHOUT MEDICATIONS.

Reading and learning impairments decrease with aging, but may not recover completely. Generally it is predicted that reading slowly and some small typing mistakes may be permanent.

The best progress for dyslexia treatment is possible with special training programs. Special educational tools (games, educational institutions, various materials and curriculums) provide overcoming the biggest obstacles in learning even if do not completely finish the disorder.

Specialist doctors in the field of child mental health can carry out several tests to diagnose dyslexia such as reading impairment test, learning difficulties test.

You can also use MentalUP Intelligence Games Games to test and compare your child's performance with their peers in attention, memory, problem solving, verbal intelligence, visual intelligence, and mathematical intelligence games.


  1. Reading impairment In other words, what is the reading difficulty? They have reading difficulty such as reading the words not as written but the other way round, jumping words, jumping syllables, mixing syllables, mixing letters, and reading with stopping.
  2. Writing disability (Dysgraphia): It is likely to write letters reversely when they want to write, mix numbers with some letters, in short, mix similar symbols and use them incorrectly. Example: They can write the letter "E" reversed or "3" instead of "E". Especially lower case "d" and "b" and letters with and without dotes are often mixed.
  3. Learning difficulties - Learning disabilities: They cannot follow simple commands and experience learning disabilities. Example: They can mix their right and left, and wear shoes wrong. Situations like these cause them to fall behind from their peers.
  4. Comprehension impairment: This is related to attention. Children with dyslexia may have difficulty with maintaining their attention. It is likely to observe attention disorder and dyslexia together. Because of these, they may have the comprehension impairment problem.
  5. Contradiction: They can perform surprising performances in areas such as painting, music, mathematics and do much better works than their peers. Children with dyslexia are gifted. This may confuse your mind as it could make you to think about the wrong ideas such as "if they want, they can do it". In fact, reading impairment is not related to their intelligence. Willingness would not be enough for children with dyslexia as they have difficulty using the left frontal lobe of their brain. They need to be supported.

WARNING: All of these are powerful symptoms that can be considered as a learning difficulty statements. These dyslexia symptoms are not always observed all together or it cannot be diagnosed as dyslexia if any of these symptoms are present alone.

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REMEMBER: In order for a child to be diagnosed with dyslexia, there should not be any problem in the intelligence level. In other words, children who have problems with language (reading, writing, and speaking) may be diagnosed with dyslexia even if they are equally successful or more talented than their peers in other areas. Only specialist doctors can diagnose dyslexia. Therefore, parents who ask "Is my child dyslexia?" should consult to child psychiatrists. Parents or other consultants should not diagnose children with dyslexia by considering learning difficulty statements!

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