HOME PAGE / BLOG / What Is Methylphenydate And Its Side Effects?
Last Update Date: 05 January 2018

Methylphenidate: A kind of central nervous system (CNS) stimulus. It is the active ingredient of Ritalin and Concerta which are the most commonly prescribed drugs in the treatment of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. In addition to ADHD, it is also prescribed for excessive sleeping tendency (narcolepsy) and severe chronic fatigue syndromes.

Methylphenidate has always been a question mark for parents in the treatment process, especially for children with attention deficit and hyperactivity. This is because of the various side effects of drugs containing methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Methylin, and others). In such cases, the families have to think about the gains and losses.

what is methylphenydate

Many families reject to use drugs when the side effects of the drugs are more than the negative effects of the illness. Exactly the opposite situation can also happen. Despite of the side effects of drugs, if the negative effects of the illness is much more than the adverse effects of the drug, methylphenidate-containing drugs may be preferred. The best thing to do is let the psychiatrist make this decision not the parents who are emotional. Still, experts are getting the opinion of the family when prescribing these medicines.

So, in what situations is methylphenidate used and what are the side effects? Let's go through these topics:


It is prescribed only by your doctor, usually in the following situations.

  • Lack of concentration
  • Focusing problems
  • Lack of attention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity, impulse control disorder
  • Feeling sleepless despite having taken enough daily sleep (narcolepsy)
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome

These complaints are the main usage areas of methylphenidate-containing medicines. When you look at the above items, an interesting detail should have called your attention. Methylphenidate has the opposite effect, depending on the type of complaints. It reduces the excessive mobility of patients with hyperactivity disorder and increases the hyperactivity of patients with chronic fatigue symptoms. Because of these reasons, it is generally thought to be some kind of balancer.

So, what are the side effects of medicines containing methylphenidate, such as Ritalin and Conterta?


As every drug could have some side effects so do methylphenidate containing drugs. An important detail is that parents are worried about side effects because these drugs are usually prescribed for children with ADHD. The most common side effects of drugs containing methylphenidate, such as Ritalin and Concerta, are as follows:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Addiction
  • Hyperirritability
  • Skin problems (desquamation, rash)
  • Physical seizures
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle problems (contractions, cramps)
  • The tic disorders
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • Phantasmata
  • Suicidal tendency
  • Negative impact on growth

The above disadvantages can be seen in a very small number of patients using the drug. That's why your doctor measures whether you are suitable to take the drugs with some tests and questions. For example, people with heart disorders carry lethal risks. Therefore, it is vital to use under the supervision of a doctor.

If you observe any of the above side effects or another unusual effect that is not mentioned here, you should immediately see your doctor.


Drug-free treatment methods are also available for attention deficit, but specialist psychiatrists should decide whether medication is required or not. This decision may vary depending on the severity of the problem and the nature of the patient. In some cases, treatment with medication and drug-free treatment process is carried out at the same time and it is thought that this is the most effective method. So, behavioral therapies and exercises are recommended in addition to treatment with medicated.

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MentalUP Attention Exercises are designed especially in the game structure because it was the first priority to be able to catch attention of children with attention problems. The results were quite satisfying. Children love MentalUP. So that they complete their daily exercises without missing anything and by having fun.

MentalUP, which allows you to compare both attention level and mental skills of your children with their peers, also automatically structure the personal daily work plan automatically. You can subscribe and try it FREE.

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The following medicines are some of the methylphenidate containing medicines as a active ingredient.

  • Medikinet Retard
  • Methylin
  • Equasym XL
  • Quillivant XR
  • Ritalin
  • Concerta
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"NOTE: This article is a research paper written for informational purposes. The article does not target any institution or person. It is believed that the information that might be beneficial to the public has been obtained from reliable sources but the accuracy has not been 100% committed. It is frequently emphasized that important decisions should be given by consulting to your doctor. Any problems would have been occurred by misinterpretation and misconducting are the responsibilities of the readers."
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