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BASICS OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT STAGES!

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Last Update Date: 19 December 2017

Development: Refers to a progression and increasing to complete a formation.

Child development: It means that mentally and physically growing children get new acquirements in their growth process.

ATTENTION: This article contains important details informing parents and educators.

Child development is divided into stages based on physical, emotional, and behavioural characteristics. Each stage has important requirements.

child development

Parents who do not want to have problems during their child's development or those who want to deal with an existing problem may need to get help from a pedagogue. We will soon be talking about this, but let's briefly remember the child development stages that all parents should know:

CHILD DEVELOPMENT STAGES & PERIODS

  1. Newborn period: The first four-week period after the birth is called the newborn period. In this period, not only physical development, but psychosocial development has also been started.
  2. Infancy period: It is the development period of babies observed until the age of 2 years.
  3. Early childhood period: It is the 2-6-year-old period of children life. In this period, children begin to learn the rules of society in a way that is limited by their surroundings. Their language comprehension becomes active and shows a great improvement. Socialization and gender awareness begin to develop. The best physical and mental educational, teaching, and development tools of early childhood are games. Games are one of the most natural and effective learning ways for children.
  4. Late childhood period: This period covers 6-13 years of age in boys. In girls, 6-11 years of age is called the late childhood period. This period is one of the important stages of life in which compulsory education has begun.

Child development continues in the late childhood period as learning social rules, respecting others, being a respected individual, improving social relationships, and learning how to collaborate. In this period, children also learn competing, protecting their rights, and being responsible.

The last childhood period is one of the periods in which intelligence development continues very fast. Therefore, during this stage, it is also important to be able to gain children analytical thinking and reasoning skills along with knowledge based on memorization.

In order to make this possible, intelligence games courses have become a part of educational curriculum of primary schools all around the world. As we said, intelligence games are one of the most effective tools of improving children's reasoning skills. In private schools, similar intelligence-brain games (example:MentalUP Intelligence Games) are taught as courses.

You can also use MentalUP individually for your child as it is used by many schools and educational institutions for child development and training application. MentalUP improves children's mental skills and increases school achievements.

MentalUP Child Development Application: Try It Now

WHAT IS CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST?

Child development specialists are those who examine the physical, mental, and social development of children and follow their language, psychomotor, and emotional development. Here, follow-up refers leading children in a healthy way and interfering properly when it is needed.

WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF THE CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING SPECIALISTS?

  • They help parents as a consultant about child development and education,
  • Perform brain development tests,
  • Apply mental skill tests such as attention and intelligence test,
  • Examine adaptation problems in children, provides help and guidance,
  • May apply game therapy to the child with behavioural problems and psychological problems,
  • Observe and lead about the problems that may happen in a newborn,
  • Child development specialists can prepare a special education program for children with learning difficulties,
  • Helps families and children to organize eating, drinking and sleeping patterns,
  • Choose suitable toys for the children in terms of their age and development characteristics.
  • Become a consult to the families about teenage psychology,
  • Deal with everything about the physical and psychological development of children healthfully, and ensure that children have healthy family, school, social environment relationship.

Why should specialists be preferred in the field of child development and education?

You should be careful when researching your child's special education institution because:

Child development specialists play an important role both as educators and as guiders in order to make children have appropriate skills and behaviors according to their ages. They have full knowledge of child development courses and child psychology. An expert child development specialist is good at provide educational games.

The child development specialist organizes leisure time activities for the child. They can also manage periodic activities such as sleeping and nutrition pattern, and playing time in a healthy way. Thus, they are good leaders for the parents. For instance, all experts focus on the importance of the games for development of children's intelligence. Some of the games are educational and some of them improve mental skills. Playing games also supports children's motor skills and their muscle development. Game based training is an area that requires expertise, so child development specialist must be preferred instead of a standard baby sitter.

BECOME A CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING SPECIALIST:

To become a child development specialist and have a career on this field, first a degree in psychology should be earned as a bachelor’s degree.

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology

In this department, you will gain the essential skills and knowledge to be a child development specialist. The course will cover the general knowledge of psychology, and how it shapes us and how children behave and mature, how it affects learning and motivation, how brain develops and what mental health diagnosis and treatments are.

Those who have a degree in Psychology should be specialized in the field on Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Counseling Psychology, or Neuro Psychology. Because most of the degrees on psychology covers all of the areas. Psychology department in some of the universities also includes Family Psychology as a department. Therefore, the person who wants to specialize in a specific field should determine the department before starting bachelor’s degree. Master’s degree or doctorate degree on the relevant area is preferable for those who want to be specialist on Child Development and Psychology.

Here are some of the main courses of The Department of Psychology at University of Maryland.

Introduction to Psychology Statistical Methods in Psychology Research Methods in Psychology
Developmental Biopsychology Biological Basis of Behavior Fundamentals of Learning & Behavior
Perception Introduction to Memory & Cognition Developmental Psychology
Neural Systems & Behavior Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology Neuroethology
Developmental Cognitive/Social Neuroscience Science of Sleep and Biological Rhythms Thinking & Problem Solving
Cognitive Development Advanced Special Topics in Psychology: Human Factors Psychology Advanced Special Topics in Psychology: Hormones and Behavior

TECHNOLOGICAL IMPROVEMETS IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT AREA

As the information technology develops, it has been possible to make the technology useful for children.

The best work done in this regard: MentalUP Child Development Games which are developed by academicians who are specialized in their fields and pedagogues.

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