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CHILD DEVELOPMENT STAGES!

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Last Update Date: 01 November 2018

Child development: It refers to sequence of changes that occur in human beings from birth to the beginning of adulthood.

Child development is divided into stages that based on physical, emotional, and behavioural characteristics. Each stage has different features.Let's briefly go through the child development stages that all parents should know:

child development

CHILD DEVELOPMENT STAGES

  1. Newborn period: The first four-week after the birth is called the newborn period. In this period, physical development and psychosocial development start.
  2. Infancy period: It is the development period of babies observed until the age of 2.
  3. Early childhood period: It is the period between 2 and 6 years of children. In this period, children begin to learn the rules of society that is limited by their surroundings. Their language skills show a great improvement. Socialization and gender awareness begin to develop. At this stage the best physical and mental educational, teaching, and development tools are games. Games are one of the most natural and effective learning ways for children.
  4. Late childhood period: This period usually covers between 6-13 years of children. This period is one of the important stages of life in which compulsory education starts.

Child development continues in the late childhood period as learning social rules, respecting others, being a respected individual, improving social relationships, and learning how to collaborate. In this period, children also learn competing, protecting their rights, and being responsible.

The late childhood period is when the development of intelligence goes very fast. Therefore, during this stage, it is important for children to gain analytical thinking and reasoning skills along with other.

In order to make this possible, intelligence games have become a part of educational curriculum of primary schools all around the world. As we said, intelligence games are one of the most effective tools of improving children's reasoning skills.

You can also use MentalUP for your child as it is used by many schools and educational institutions for child development and training purposes.

MentalUP Child Development Application: Try Now

WHO IS A CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST?

Child development specialists are those who examine physical, mental, and social development of children and follow their language, psychomotor, and emotional development.

WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF THE CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPECIALISTS?

  • Helping parents as a consultants about child development and education,
  • Performing brain development tests and mental skill tests,
  • Examining adaptation problems of children, provides help and guidance,
  • Child development specialists can prepare a special education program for children with learning difficulties,
  • Helping families and children to regulate their eating, drinking and sleeping habits,
  • Choose suitable toys for the children in terms of their age and development characteristics.
  • Dealing with everything about the physical and psychological development of children, and ensuring that children have a healthy family, school, social environment to live.

Why do we need child development specialists?

You should be careful when you look for a child development specialist because:

Child development specialists play an important role as educators in children’s life. They should have full knowledge of child development stages and child psychology.

Child development specialists organize leisure time activities for children. They can also monitor periodic activities such as sleeping and nutrition habits, and play time. Thus, they are good guides for parents. Most experts emphasise the importance of games in development of children's intelligence. Some of the games are educational and some of them improve mental skills. Playing games also supports children's motor skills and their muscle development.

HOW TO BECOME A CHILD DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST:

To become a child development specialist and have a career on this field, first a degree in psychology should be earned.

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology

During your education, you will gain the essential skills and knowledge to be a child development specialist. The course will cover: general knowledge of psychology, how it shapes us, how children behave, how it affects learning and motivation, how brain develops and what mental health diagnosis and treatments are.

Those who have a degree in Psychology can specialise in the fields of Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Counseling Psychology, or Neuropsychology. Psychology department in some of the universities also includes Family Psychology. Master’s degree is preferable for those who want to develop further in Child Development and Psychology.

Here are some of the main courses of The Department of Psychology at University of Maryland.

Introduction to Psychology Statistical Methods in Psychology Research Methods in Psychology
Developmental Biopsychology Biological Basis of Behavior Fundamentals of Learning & Behavior
Perception Introduction to Memory & Cognition Developmental Psychology
Neural Systems & Behavior Introduction to Behavioral Pharmacology Neuroethology
Developmental Cognitive/Social Neuroscience Science of Sleep and Biological Rhythms Thinking & Problem Solving
Cognitive Development Advanced Special Topics in Psychology: Human Factors Psychology Advanced Special Topics in Psychology: Hormones and Behavior

TECHNOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENTS IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT

As the information technology develops, it becomes easier to make the technology useful for children.

One of the best works done in this matter: MentalUP Child Development Games that are developed by academicians scientists.

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