Positive and Negative Effects of Technology on Children

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Last Update Date: 17 January 2022

Is Technology Bad for Kids?

All parents want to know that is digital technology making children's lives better or miserable.

Before talking about the positive and negative effects of technology on child development, let us make a definition about what does it mean technology really is:

Technology is the knowledge, skills, methods, and techniques required to produce tools and equipment for people's needs.

Almost none of us can imagine life without it. Based on this definition, we may think that we should only focus on the positive effects of technology; however, in the case of unconscious use, we can very well face its negative effects, too!

positive and negative effects of technology

Positive and Negative Effects of Technology on Child Development

When we speak about the bad sides of technology, children are the first ones that come to mind.

If an adult uses technology in a harmful way, we can call it a “choice” instead of “unconsciousness”. But it’s different for children because they are generally not aware of the possible bad effects of technology, which are caused by its improper use.

For this reason, we want to give some reminders for adults about the possible positive and negative effects of technology. Here are some questions that preoccupy parents’ minds: How does the technology work for kids, is technology good or bad for kids, how to stay safe on the internet for kids?

Actually, the answers are pretty simple. Until a certain age, technology is all about smartphones, tablets, and computers.

💡 TIP: By applying the internet safety guidance for kids that we’ll share with you later on and choosing the right apps, websites, and learning games for toddlers or children, you will be able to provide internet safety for kids. In this way, you can guide the internet's influence on kids in a better way.

But first, let's look into the positive effects of technology on child development that you can benefit from and the negative effects of technology on children's health and development that you should avoid.

10 Positive Effects of Technology

1. Increase in IQ

American Cornell University Tomoe Kanaya conducted scientific research in nine schools among members of different races and social groups. According to this study, conducted on approximately 9,000 students, the IQ scores of the current generation are higher than the previous generation.

positive and negative effects of technology

Taking into account the Flynn effect, the results do not change, although every new IQ test is made more difficult compared to the previous ones.

Experts link this effect directly to technology. The increase in the number of technological products in children's lives and consequently the increased stimuli serve as exercises to enable children to solve more complex problems. It’s a positive effect of the internet on kids that we cannot regret.

The positive effects of technology on child development, such as increased IQ scores from the Stanford Binet Test and improved learning skills, are some of the positive impacts of the internet with the correct use of technology.

“The more subjects a child in a fast learning process gets interested in or has experience with, the more his/her IQ level increases”

- Psychologist Ferahim Yeşilyurt

Of course, all these benefits are possible with a conscious use of technology. On the other hand, it should be kept in mind that an excess of stimuli leads to distraction. The duty of ensuring internet safety for kids is mainly on the parents.

In a conclusion: Technology is recommended for children if the daily use of devices is under control. Otherwise, it can be harmful.

💡 It is a great way to make most of the positive effects of the internet by using MentalUP. It has 100s of educational game-like fun exercises to reinforce your kids’ cognitive skills like visual, attention, memory, and linguistic.

MentalUP’s daily workout plan takes about 20 minutes to complete. In addition, MentalUP doesn't have any router ads on other websites, apps, or platforms! So, it works as a source of the best safe kids games that are suitable for different age groups!

mentalup pc, phone, and tablet

MentalUP, which was examined by the Mental Health Association and observed to be beneficial for children, was given the pedagogical product certificate. MentalUP is also used by educational institutions as educational content.

You can meet your child's desire to play mobile games with useful apps such as MentalUP.

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2. Mental Skill Development with Educational Contents

Brain Games for kids are limited to the tools and equipment they have, thus they usually have to do the same exercises over and over. But there are many more opportunities now!

the positive impact of technology

The positive effects of the internet on early childhood education can be very beneficial. Educational and instructional practices, such as games and apps that improve cognitive skills, are among these benefits.

Memory games for children who want to improve their memory, attention games for children who want to improve their attention, math games for children who want to improve their mathematical skills, and much more are at your fingertips today.

Therefore, safe internet use for children can be useful with the right apps, allowing them to play brain games instead of car-racing games.

Apps that teach foreign languages, give advice on society and ethics, games and apps that offer practice in mathematical operations, and similar applications that give information through gamification, are always accessible for children.

MentalUP has numerous intelligence games and fun exercises for children. All exercises are created by a team of teaching experts and academicians. Kids can enjoy a daily mental workout based on their performances and parents can easily track their progress. 👨‍🔬️

MentalUP isn’t just a game app! A piece of science - right in your pocket that guides the impact of the internet on children in a better way. Also, it is among the best funny apps for kids 📱️ 👏

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NOTE: The positive effects on children were observed and certified as a pedagogical product by the Mental Health Association.

Of course, parental supervision plays an important role in selected apps. Children may not foresee some risks. We should not forget to guide children in recognizing which are useful and which are harmful in order to benefit from only the positive effects of technology on kids.

3. Learning Enhancement

Effects of gadgets and the internet on learning are great examples of positive effects of the internet on students.

positive effects of the internet on students

Learning how to learn” is a very important skill. Thanks to the Internet, there is a library with an infinite number of books in every house. Children can do extensive research on the subjects they wonder about.

In this way, they are learning to access information, do research, and learn, and safe internet use for children comes with many benefits.

4. Problem-Solving Skills

Is technology good or bad for kids? Visual design programs, technical drawing programs, coding programs, and similar design tools improve children's creativity. So it's not a matter of good or bad - it’s all about how, when, and what you use.

positive and negative effects of internet on our daily life

Creative children are successful in adapting to the changing world. Likewise, they are successful in creating new solutions to new emerging problems. Enhancing problem-solving skills in childhood will allow them to overcome obstacles easier in the future.

5. Parental Control in Emergency Situations

The positive impact of technology on kids can sometimes be a lifesaver for your child and society.

positive impact of technology on youth

Your children should be able to reach you in case of an emergency, even if they are not old enough to use a mobile phone. Simple mobile devices like smartwatches are produced to meet this need in a healthy way.

Smartwatches have various features, and they are cool gifts for holidays. For example, you can set the numbers that your child can call. Likewise, you can determine which numbers your child can receive calls from. In this way, you can eliminate the risk of your child communicating with people he/she does not know.

In schools, children are taught the numbers they should call in emergency situations. You can add the numbers of the ambulance and the fire services to their contact list.

6. Easy Access to Information

All the children are curious at an early age and they always want to be acquainted with the outer world. In this sense, the world wide web can help them to understand what they want to learn.

internet’s positive effects

Because the parents can’t answer all the questions their kids ask, children can search for all the things they are curious about and expand their perspectives. One of the most important positive effects of internet on a child is access to information easily.

You can guide your children to discover their object of interest and provide them with a healthy environment to spend time efficiently.

7. Foreign Language Learning

As far as the children are concerned, lots of parents want them to learn a foreign language that helps kids to fit in the modern world. Thanks to technological improvements, today it is easier to access resources.

foreign language apps

Kids can learn a foreign language in a short time by using online tools, fun games, and exercises without being bored. You can provide them with the right sources and develop their language skills.

Now the positive points of the internet provide children to start learning a foreign language online with just a little cost. Especially, apps that are tailored for this purpose, are one of the best examples of it.

8. Critical Thinking Development

Thanks to online interactive games and mental exercises, modern children start to develop critical thinking skills earlier. These educational games and exercises help kids to grow intellectually by boosting their strategic thinking skills.

critical thinking

Because these online games and exercises are appeal to all the kids who have different interests, they can have fun when improving at the same time. This is one of the most crucial positive effects of the internet due to the fact that it helps kids’ grades at school.

9. More Active Life

Modern world and city life don’t provide children with spacious environments for them to be active. They often can’t run and move around as they want to. At this point, technology rushes to help us.

active children

Because most of the time, kids are in the house, they stay still and don’t satisfy their need to move.But if they start to use the appropriate apps, like fitness apps for kids, they can have a more active life regardless of the space they have.

MentalUP provides your children with 240+ fitness exercises they can use daily. Thanks to its scientifically approved features, your kids will have a more active life even if they stay in the house and feel more relieved when it is time to study.


10. Entertainment

Technology is a huge entertainment universe for both children and adults. When it is used as a safe tool, your kids can benefit from fun video games, puzzles, riddles, and other things to spend their leisure time.

fun activities

You don’t need to be afraid that your children are harmed because of the internet. You should just be careful about which websites your kids enter. So you can protect them from the negative effects of computers on child development.

Now let’s look at these negative effects that you need to be aware of and stop worrying unnecessarily.

10 Negative Effects of Technology

We’ve talked about the wonders technology can provide, so now it’s time to discuss the negative effects caused by misuse. The overuse of technology and unsupervised access to the Internet may cause many negative effects on children's social skills, as well as their mental and physical development.

1. Lower Attention Span

Spending too much time using the most common technological devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets can cause distraction and concentration difficulties.

the negative effects of technology on children

One of the negative effects of technology on children is that it affects their academic success. As we mentioned at the very beginning, the reason for such problems is the extreme (unconscious) use of technology, not the technology itself.

It should not be forgotten that technological developments primarily aim to provide benefits for us. Using the right technology in the right amount is not harmful to anyone.

Misuse of technology can cause a lack of focus, short attention span, and learning disabilities in children. It is important to develop these skills with certified methods.

MentalUP is a scientifically approved app that offers 150+ entertaining and educational games. Thanks to its unique features such as tracking and reporting, when your children’s skills are boosted, you can always observe their improvement. 💪

Give MentalUP a Try - It's Free!

2. Minimized Social Interaction

Negative effects of the internet on a child's social skills usually appear when the child plays too many games on a computer because they become disconnected from real life.

negative impact of technology

The child, who doesn’t communicate, interact and share with his/her environment, will try to meet all these needs in a virtual environment.

For example, children can see the level they have achieved in a game. This level is a respectability element, and they can try to gain respectability in the vicinity of friends.

However, these titles, which have no importance in real life, should be replaced by skills such as respect, love, sharing, and communication. A child should gain respect for these skills, so it’s important to praise them for these elements.

3. Increased Aggression

We all know that children have wider imagination than adults. Therefore, they are more vulnerable to the content they come across.

negative effects of computers on child development

Children can be exposed to frightening elements in videos, cartoons, or games they watch and play (such as Momo).

Children who are not capable of perceiving the difference between the real and the imaginary can experience unfavorable situations such as fear of being alone, nightmares, and not being able to go to the toilet alone.

Similarly, when they consume videos or games containing elements of violence, they can turn into angry children. Internet safety for kids should be provided to prevent unhealthy emotions from building up.

4. Health Problems

The negative impacts of technology on children are not only limited to emotional and mental disorders. The subject also has a physical dimension.

disadvantages of technology in child development

The following disadvantages of technology in child development may occur due to watching TV for a long time, using a computer or a tablet in the wrong sitting position, etc.:

  • Vision problems
  • Neck pain
  • Distortion of the skeletal structure of the body
  • Arm, hand, finger numbness
  • Overstrain

In addition to these, we can also say that the physical development of a child who is immobilized through the use of technological devices, reduces the time that should be allocated to activities that support muscle development, such as walking, running, jumping, and playing physical games.

5. Reduced Sleep Quality

The harmful effects of technology on children's health are not limited to the above-mentioned effects. Children, as well as adults, can suffer from sleeping disorders.

harmful effects of technology

Technology for kids should not only be supervised in terms of what they’re doing and where, but also in terms of for how long and when.

The risk of developing an addiction is especially common among children and adults.

How many times do you have to tell your child that it is bedtime before they actually go to their bed? 🤔

Having the right measures of Internet safety for kids will prevent both lack of sleep (which has a tremendous negative effect on school, work, and all kinds of daily life routines), and developing a gaming disorder.

⚠️ Gaming disorder is a problem that requires immediate action, but how can you be sure that your child is addicted to games? Remember there are negative effects of technology in early childhood education and look at the symptoms and treatment of video game addiction. 🎮

6. Cyberbullying, Abuse and Security Risks

We have often talked about “overuse“. There are some hidden threats among the negative effects of technology on children that are not related to overuse.

negatives of technology

For example, Cyberbullying! Considering that the technologies that children are interested in can usually be linked to the Internet, we need to be aware of the external threats.

In games and apps with online communication preferences, children can be exposed to bullying. They can be abused by malicious adults. Again, malicious adults can obtain personal information about the child or his family. That’s why being aware of “cybersecurity for kids” is a must.

7. Depression Risk

We know that there are bad aspects of the internet other than the positive effects of technology on teenagers and children. One of the most common is depression risk. Because of the technological improvements, unfortunately, children start to be less social and use social media more.

depression on kids

If the necessary precautions aren’t taken, they can easily feel depressed and alone. The more they turn in on themselves, the more depression risk is surfaced. When you see the signs of anxiety in your kids, you need to help by having a connection or receiving support from experts.

8. Obesity

Unless your children use online sources in an appropriate way, they tend to be less active. When the time of staying still is increased, they are come up against with the obesity problem that lots of kids get into trouble about it.

obesity risk

Because the obesity problem doesn’t show up in a short while, the parents can have a problem seeing this. Obesity risk is one of the most important negative effects of internet on a child. Don’t forget the obesity problem is defined as a modern world disorder.

⚠️ It is important to remember that children who do not burn enough calories in such cases are at risk of obesity. The negative effects of technology on children's health are hard to dismiss and it is crucial to keep a constant eye out to prevent them. You should limit the time of your child’s internet usage.

9. Lower Grades

We are all aware of the positive effects of internet on students but technological tools such as computers, tablets, or smartphones are used in an effective way, they can cause children to have lower grades in school.

lower grades

As we’ve mentioned before, when kids start to spend more time on screens, their attention span is decreased, they can feel depressed; hence, their success can be declined. Remember that increasing technology usage means the time when is spent on homework is diminished.

10. Emotional Problems

There are positive and negative effects of internet on our daily life but if we want to guide our children to have good sides of it, we need to be careful about their excess usage. When the kids start to spend more time online, they are at risk of having emotional and behavioral problems.

kids’ emotional issues

The overuse of technology can cause a delay in the emotional skills of your children. When you see it, even if you want to interfere, they can be aggressive or in a total shut-down. In these kinds of situations, you should get help from professionals.

Negative Aspects of the Internet and How to Prevent Them

positive and negative effects of internet on our daily life

The positive points of the internet are hard to dismiss; however, it is important to take the necessary Internet safety measures to be able to benefit from the positive effects of technology without facing the negative impacts of technology.

1. What Kind of Harmful Content are Our Children Exposed to?

The first step in protecting children from harmful Internet content is knowing what kind of content they are exposed to.

negative effect of technology

We can predict and prevent risk situations effectively when we have information on the content. Just like the warning on airplanes, we should first put the oxygen mask on ourselves and then help our child.

One of the most favorite content among children is games. It is possible to access games on websites and App Stores. When we leave children alone, they can consume the content they want without filtering.

The negative effects of technology on youth are usually caused by content we are not aware of. Naturally, they apply to free services. Parents also make the same mistake from time to time!

⚠️ Note: The revenue source of free services (games, apps, etc.) is usually ads. With an ad click from an innocent car-racing game, kids can switch to zombie games.

They may encounter advertising videos with violence and fear. They can switch to betting sites or obscene sites with a single click. Safe Internet use for children is harder to maintain when it is easy to wander to different sites.

Switching from a free and ad-containing application or website to another, which can be potentially harmful to children, is just a click away. So, keep in mind that internet usage has a negative effect to people especially children.

MentalUP is a secure playground for kids which is created by scientists and teaching experts. There are no ads, redirections, online chatrooms, or addictive elements. It features only skill booster games that children could benefit from them in their lifetime.

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We just said, "Prohibition isn't the solution." Now we're talking about a significant risk! It means it’s the right time to share our solutions. To meet your child's need for playing games in a healthy way, offer them games that provide the following specifications...

2. Which Specifications Do Reliable Online Games Have?

  • No Ads
  • No items of violence and fear
  • No non-exemplary behavior
  • No online communication with other players
  • Licensed if possible
  • Trustworthy in the public sphere
  • Presented by a known (trusted) publisher

Allow your child to play games with these and similar features for a specific period of time depending on the age.

3. Attention to Video Content

YouTube has beneficial content for children. However, there is also some content that children should never watch.

disadvantages of technology in child development

It's only a matter of time for children to get exposed to content such as MOMO and the Blue Whale or cartoon characters that cut each other up.

Let's say - you have protected your child from dangerous games such as the Blue Whale. In the same way, do you protect your child also from opportunists who want to gain an audience by using popular topics on YouTube?

The matter of safety on the Internet for kids it’s not a one-time thing - it requires constant supervision.

For example:

We've looked at the video of a young YouTuber investigating internet content that could be harmful to children. In the video, the horrible MOMO was claimed to be a real character that lives and threatens people. We complained about this content, but there are thousands more like this and every day new ones are added.

⚠️ The horrible MOMO legend is not real, but the danger is real! For more information, see: About The Terrible MOMO

The claim that MOMO is a living character is quite illogical for adults, but children can believe it. Then mental problems begin to develop, along with symptoms such as fear of darkness, not being able to go to the toilet alone, etc.

We know that it is easy to say “Prevent your child from watching videos on the Internet!” But we also know that it is difficult to apply this. In the same way, we think of those parents who do not want to entirely ban the use of the Internet.

If you want to allow your child to watch videos in a controlled way, here are some tricks you can follow:

impact of internet on children

For example, you can try “YouTube Kids” instead of YouTube. The content published in YouTube Kids is checked for children before publication. But don't forget to check what your child is watching.

At the same time, don't forget to inform them about imaginary characters and tell them that these characters are not real. Teaching them what technology and the internet are will help protect them from the negative effects on child development.

You can also check out the child videos app called “Jellies”. According to our research, there are no ads in this app. They only provide content that can be useful for children, which provides a better environment for safe Internet surfing for kids.

IMPORTANT REMINDER: While the YouTube Kids and Jellies applications seem to be reliable channels, after thorough research, we want to remind you that every parent should do this research himself/herself and that the responsibility lies with them.

To sum up, you can offer your child reliable video channels instead of prohibiting video viewing. Of course, age-appropriate daily use must be taken into account.

4. Apps with Online Communication Is a Real Danger

In some online games, there is the possibility of correspondence with other players. It is equally dangerous for your child to talk to a stranger outside, in the real world, and online, in the virtual world.

internet influence on kids

The real danger here is that the child is not communicating with another child! The hidden danger we cannot ignore is that there might be a malicious adult on the other side.

Children's emotions and thoughts can be easily manipulated. A malicious adult can mislead your child by giving him various instructions.

Applications with online correspondence have many threats from the seizure of your personal information and - much worse - to child abuse! Sharing some of the tips on how children can stay safe on the Internet with your child will help them protect themselves from these vulnerabilities.

5. Age Limit for Social Networks

We have talked about the risks of apps with online communication. The same risks and even more are present on social networks.

Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the age when a child can start using social media as prescribed by ICTA. According to ICTA, children should not create a social media profile before the age of 13. Internet safety for kids and young adults starts with adhering to these limitations.

6. Always Communicate with Your Child

If you are not an authoritarian parent who shakes their finger all the time and if you do not suppress the child, he/she will be more open with you.

internet safety tips for kids

If your child is comfortable enough to consult you when they feel something suspicious, you will be aware of the potential dangers. Internet safety for kids means kids should feel safe to share their problems and insecurities with you.

7. Tell Your Child the Difference Between Imagining and the Truth

Explain that he/she should not be afraid of the scary/ugly characters that may appear on the Internet and should close the content that he/she does not like. Raising awareness in this matter will reduce the negative emotional impact of technology on children.

8. Explain to Your Child That Some Applications are Not Suitable for Them

In normal life, they know that they should not talk to people that they do not know on the street, so explain that the internet is not different and that the apps that can be used to communicate with others in oral or written form are not suitable for them.

If they do get contacted by someone online, remind them that they should share this with you without giving any response to the message. Sharing the information on how to stay safe on the Internet with your kids will prevent your child from forming unwanted contacts.

9. Use Family Filters and Security Software

Configure your browser's sensitive security settings. Filter fear-inciting, violent, obscene content. Taking these measures will reduce the negative effects of technology on children.

positive and negative effects of technology on family life

Do not stop being in control after doing this. Be in constant contact with your child and wonder what they do on the Internet. You can ask them to teach you what they are doing online because children often enjoy teaching adults something and it’s the best way to unobtrusively monitor them.

10. Do Not Ignore the Wishes and Needs of Your Child

Determine daily use time instead of banning and provide reliable content for your children. Consider each new game you want to download. Select which application to follow when you want to watch a video. Provide the necessary research and reliable content.

🎮️ MentalUP is a great example of reliable and useful apps that have no router ads to other websites, apps, or platforms! All of the educational games, that MentalUP provides, work as daily exercises you can complete in 20 minutes.

With MentalUP, which is also used by educational institutions, you can meet your kids’ desire to play mobile games and help them to benefit from the good effects of internet when they are having fun in the meantime.

Try MentalUP

Wrap Up with Quick Facts About Children and Technology

So, is technology good or bad for kids? It simply depends on how you raise them and which contents you introduce them to.

Bear in mind that there are both positive and negative effects of internet. In this way, you can not only help your kids to take advantage of its benefits but also you can protect them from its harmful effects.