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MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY AND TYPES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE

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Last Update Date: 22 May 2019

Intelligence: It is the capacity to learn, use and produce new solutions from what is learnt. It is the ability of thinking, reasoning, questioning, and drawing conclusions. So, what is multiple intelligence theory? Let's see one by one:

When talking about intelligence as such a general definition, it would not be right to analyze intelligence in only one perspective.

For example, intelligence is directly related to learning ability. However, how can we explain for a person to have difficulties of learning a mathematical process who has a fine ear for music and a fast learning skill at it? In this case, can we say that for the person who is described as "an intelligent person" or "not an intelligent person"? At this point, it is useful to examine Howard Gardner's multiple intelligence theory.

WHAT IS MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY?

Multiple intelligence theory: It is an approach developed by the American psychologist Howard Gardner, who is doing scientific research at Harvard University. According to this approach, human intelligence is divided into 8 subcategories and researches still continue on the 9th subcategory. The eight sub-categories consist of the types of intelligence that indicate or classify where people can use their intelligence more effectively. According to Gardner's multiple intelligences theory, each person has a special ability to use his or her own intelligence.

Multiple intelligence theory defines that intelligence is the only one, but that it is divided into subclasses within itself (types of intelligence). Also, it indicates that every type of intelligence is dynamic and can be improved. For example, the following scientific games enhance different areas of intelligence. You can try it quickly.

verbal perception exercise

Verbal perception, visual attention and logical game.

spatial memory exercise

Sustainable attention and visual-spatial memory development game.

auditory memory exercise

Auditory memory and rhythmic intelligence development game.

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Howard GARDNER, who distinguished human intelligence into eight different subclasses, classified these dimensions as in the following.

Types of Multiple Intelligence

types of intelligence
1) Spatial Intelligence
2) Kinesthetic Intelligence
3) Musical Intelligence
4) Verbal Intelligence
5) Intrapersonal Intelligence
6) Social intelligence
7) Mathematical Intelligence
8) Naturalist Intelligence
9) Existential Intelligence (type of intelligence believed to be the 9th)

We explained the definition of multiple intelligence theory and the types of multiple intelligences. Now let's look at one by one the "types of intelligence" which are the subclasses of "intelligence"

1- WHAT IS SPATIAL INTELLIGENCE

Spatial intelligence is a type of intelligence that is related to visuality and is actually called visual-spatial intelligence. The visuality here is about vision, as well as visualization in the mind. It is one of the earliest developmental areas in a cognitive manner because human beings are able to see from the moment of birth.

Memorizing visuals, imagining and sizing what is told, doing graphic designs are one of visual spatial intelligence ability. Visual intelligence is more clearly observed in artistic people rather than others who have an average visual intelligence.

Try MentalUP Multiple Intelligence Exercises, which support the development of visual-spatial intelligence of children and keep adults fit.

visual spatial intelligence exercise

Visual-Spatial Intelligence Development Exercise

visual attention exercise

Visual Attention Development Exercise

2- WHAT IS KINESTHETIC INTELLIGENCE?

Kinesthetic intelligence is a type of intelligence that is related to brain-body coordination and is actually called bodily-kinesthetic intelligence.

People who have developed kinesthetic intelligence use their gestures and mimics well. Therefore, they are very good at telling their feelings and thoughts. Not for just daily conversation, they are also good at artistic compositions. Example: A dancer who gives a message with perfect choreography.

The mental and physical harmony of people with good bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is immediately noticeable. They use their bodies quite artistic because they are good at acting what they think like we can see at successful athletes.

3- WHAT IS MUSICAL INTELLIGENCE?

Musical intelligence is a type of intelligence that is related to the high sensitivity to sounds and music in nature and is actually called musical-rhythmic intelligence.

People who have a high level of musical intelligence may sometimes play an instrument without any training. They can learn and play music by only hearing it.

Musical intelligence is about the ability of a person to interpret, combine and manipulate sounds. In order to improve your musical intelligence, you can exercise with auditory games as follows. (Children and Adults)

voice recognition exercise

Recognizing and interpreting voices

auditory training

Auditory memory development exercise

4- WHAT IS VERBAL INTELLIGENCE?

Verbal intelligence is a type of intelligence that is related to language skills and is actually called verbal-linguistic intelligence. It is the ability to express thoughts in mind with words and to understand what is described with words in mind.

People who have a high level of verbal intelligence have good composition, addressing, and oral-written presentation skills. The education system has been highly focused on lectures that address verbal intelligence and have the development effect of verbal intelligence.

Writers, speakers, poets, politicians, linguists and etc. have good verbal intelligence.

Try MentalUP Multiple Intelligence Exercises, which encourage children to develop verbal-linguistic intelligence and keep adults fit.

Verbal conceptualization exercise

Verbal conceptualization exercise

vocabulary exercise

Vocabulary and reasoning exercise

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5- WHAT IS INTRAPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE?

Intrapersonal intelligence is about the ability of a person to know oneself well and to make it useful. Skill-goal correspondence is important for this type of intelligence. People with advanced intrapersonal intelligence have an almost perfect prediction of what they can do. Therefore, they are likely to achieve successful results at the job they started.

Those who are capable of combining and interpreting their own behaviour with social influencers have advanced intrapersonal intelligence.

As you can see, the multiple intelligence theory diversifies human intelligence in a good way by taking into account mental capabilities. Let's continue with social intelligence:

6- WHAT IS SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE?

Social intelligence is about the ability of a person to analyze individual and social behaviour well and to communicate well. Those who have developed social intelligence are successful in understanding and even managing the feelings of other people.

Politicians, trainers and similar professional groups that are good at addressing communities have advanced social intelligence.

A good social intelligence gives a person advantages such as a wide social environment, being a loved one and acceptance.

7- WHAT IS MATHEMATICAL INTELLIGENCE?

Mathematical intelligence is about the ability of a person to use numbers and symbols effectively, to create abstract concepts, and make good reasoning. It is also called logical-mathematical intelligence.

Those who have advanced mathematical intelligence are good at analytical thinking, integrating pieces together and making deductions and reasoning.

Reasoning ability is part of mathematical intelligence. Mathematical intelligence allows one to establish a cause and effect relationship and obtain healthy results with concrete questions. The lessons that address mathematical intelligence at schools are as important as the lessons that address verbal intelligence.

People who prove themselves in numeric professions have good mathematical intelligence.

Try the Mentalup Multiple Intelligences Exercises, which encourage children to develop logical-mathematical intelligence and keep adults fit.

Mathematical operation exercise

Mathematical operation exercise

quick decision making exercise

Fast decision making exercise in numerical operations

8- WHAT IS NATURALIST INTELLIGENCE?

Natural intelligence is about the ability to interpret nature and it is also called as naturalistic intelligence.

People who have advanced naturalistic intelligence are good at examining of living organisms and nature making deductions according to their knowledge.

It is no coincidence that those who have good naturalistic intelligence are willing to follow animal and nature documents is more prominent than others. Also, they are active in archaeology, mountaineering, tracking, documentary filming, botany, and geology fields.

Another type of intelligence that has been studied and added to the multiple intelligences theory is existential intelligence:

9- WHAT IS EXISTENTIAL INTELLIGENCE?

Existential intelligence is the ability to make effective interpretation about abstract topics which are hard to make reasoning.

Those who use their existential intelligence well are capable of interpreting the concepts which are hard to believe, explain and on the other hand are necessarily being able to be presented in a way that is appropriate for human intelligence.

Religious people, physicists, quantum, mathematicians, and etc. have advanced existential intelligence.

Howard Gardner

Conclusion:

It is no coincidence that research on intelligence always points to one common point. All scientific studies on human brain and intelligence show that intelligence is a potential that can be developed, and the biggest part of this development occurs during childhood.

Categorized concept of intelligence by Gardner’s is important for the curriculum of schools all over the world. Instructors try to group children according to their mental skills and make the most appropriate directions for them.

It is important to direct students who use verbal intelligence more effectively to verbal related professions or the students who use mathematical intelligence to the numeric professions. Moreover, evaluating other types of intelligence and expanding their education are among the most important and studied applications.

Psycho-social development stages

WHICH TYPE OF INTELLIGENCE DEFINES YOU BETTER AMONG ALL TYPES?

Gardner multiple intelligence types classify human intelligence in 8+1 different types (in fact 9 different specializations).

So, which one is yours among these types of intelligence?

Do you want to find out in which area you are more successful by testing your mental skills with a scientific and fun game?

Play MentalUP games to improve memory, visual intelligence, verbal intelligence, mathematical intelligence, attention and concentration. MentalUP is a scientific application developed to support children's mental skills and increase school achievement and also preferred by adults to stay fit. It is possible to compare the scores that children get at MentalUP with their peers. Moreover, they can make comparisons separately in the areas of attention, memory, visual-verbal-mathematical intelligence.

MentalUP Intelligence Exercises: Click to try

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